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Transparency of publication fees and the OpenAPC project

Christoph Broschinski & Andreas Czerniak





Introduction

OpenAPC: An Open Data project, tasked with the collection, processing and dissemination of data on APC expenditures

  1. What are APCs?
    • APC: Article Processing Charge
    • One-time fee to be paid to a publisher to have an article published Open Access in a scientific journal
    • Can either be mandatory (for fully OA journals) or optional (for hybrid journals)
    • Usually in the 1,000 - 3,000 Euro range (Average value in OpenAPC: 1,938€)
  2. Why are they important?
    • Transition process: Scientific publishing slowly (but steadily) shifting to Open Access.
    • At the same time, payments to publishers are transforming from subscription fees to APC-based models.
  3. What are the benefits of making them accessible as Open Data?
    • Large scale: Monitoring/steering of the transition requires solid data on APC payments.
    • Small scale: In practice, APC amounts are often negotiable by authors/institutions - information on what others have paid can strengthen your position!

OpenAPC: Facts and numbers

  1. Overview
    • Established in mid 2014 at Bielefeld University Library
    • First participants: German universities taking part in the Open Access Publishing Programme of the DFG
    • Officially funded by the DFG from 2015 - 2018 (INTACT) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research since 2018 (KOA)
  2. Basic principles
    • Maximum of transparency ("Open" not only applies to data, but also to code/workflows/history)
    • High degree of automation (scripts for data enrichment, testing, building)
    • Low entry barriers for new participants (no formal membership etc.)
  3. Current state (as of 10/2019)
    • Metadata collection on 84,594 articles with associated APC costs
    • Contributed by 247 institutions from 16 different countries
    • Total reported APC amount: 163,913,346 €

Data format & processing

Data format & processing

institutionperiodeurodoiis_hybridpublisherjournal_full_titleissnissn_pissn_eissn_llicense_refin_crossrefpmidpmciduturldoaj
Bamberg2013137210.2147...FALSEDove Medical...Journal of...1178-7090NA1178-70901178-7090http://creative...TRUE2378...PMC3...ut:00020...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2376...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2384...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE

Data format & processing

institutionperiodeurodoiis_hybridpublisherjournal_full_titleissnissn_pissn_eissn_llicense_refin_crossrefpmidpmciduturldoaj
Bamberg2013137210.2147...FALSEDove Medical...Journal of...1178-7090NA1178-70901178-7090http://creative...TRUE2378...PMC3...ut:00020...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2376...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2384...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE

Reported by institution

Data format & processing

institutionperiodeurodoiis_hybridpublisherjournal_full_titleissnissn_pissn_eissn_llicense_refin_crossrefpmidpmciduturldoaj
Bamberg2013137210.2147...FALSEDove Medical...Journal of...1178-7090NA1178-70901178-7090http://creative...TRUE2378...PMC3...ut:00020...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2376...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2384...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE

Reported by institution

Crossref

Data format & processing

institutionperiodeurodoiis_hybridpublisherjournal_full_titleissnissn_pissn_eissn_llicense_refin_crossrefpmidpmciduturldoaj
Bamberg2013137210.2147...FALSEDove Medical...Journal of...1178-7090NA1178-70901178-7090http://creative...TRUE2378...PMC3...ut:00020...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2376...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2384...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE

Reported by institution

Crossref

Europe Pubmed Central

Data format & processing

institutionperiodeurodoiis_hybridpublisherjournal_full_titleissnissn_pissn_eissn_llicense_refin_crossrefpmidpmciduturldoaj
Bamberg2013137210.2147...FALSEDove Medical...Journal of...1178-7090NA1178-70901178-7090http://creative...TRUE2378...PMC3...ut:00020...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2376...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2384...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE

Reported by institution

Crossref

Europe Pubmed Central

ISSN Organisation

Data format & processing

institutionperiodeurodoiis_hybridpublisherjournal_full_titleissnissn_pissn_eissn_llicense_refin_crossrefpmidpmciduturldoaj
Bamberg2013137210.2147...FALSEDove Medical...Journal of...1178-7090NA1178-70901178-7090http://creative...TRUE2378...PMC3...ut:00020...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2376...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2384...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE

Reported by institution

Crossref

Europe Pubmed Central

ISSN Organisation

Web of Science

Data format & processing

institutionperiodeurodoiis_hybridpublisherjournal_full_titleissnissn_pissn_eissn_llicense_refin_crossrefpmidpmciduturldoaj
Bamberg2013137210.2147...FALSEDove Medical...Journal of...1178-7090NA1178-70901178-7090http://creative...TRUE2378...PMC3...ut:00020...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2376...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE
Bamberg201396010.3389...FALSEFrontiers...Frontiers in...1664-1078NA1664-10781664-1078NATRUE2384...PMC3...ut:00033...NATRUE

Reported by institution

Crossref

Europe Pubmed Central

ISSN Organisation

Web of Science

DOAJ

Advantages:

OpenAPC infrastructure

Becoming part of OpenAPC

Let's say your institution wants to particpate in OpenAPC. What steps do you have to undertake?

  1. Prepare an initial data set according to our submission guidelines (Doesn't need to be large!).
  2. (Optional) Create a small README file providing some background information on your APC data.
  3. Designate a contact person at your institution (name + mail address).
  4. Mail everything to openapc@uni-bielefeld.de.
  5. Done.

If you are feeling adventurous (or technically inclined), you might also want to consider these two alternative ways of submitting your data:

  1. (Advanced) Go to our Github repository and initiate pull request so we can ingest your data directy.
  2. (VERY advanced) Modify your institutional repository so that APC costs can be directly attached as metadata to article records.

Benefits

What are the advantages of taking part in OpenAPC and making your data on APC payments publicly available?

(Aside from the warm, cozy feeling of doing the right thing?)

1. Testing: All data contributed to OpenAPC is automatically checked by a test routine. Examples:

When contributing data, errors discovered during the tests will be reported back to the institution. This can be helpful in several ways:


2. Report Generation: Participants will also receive a data report upon every contribution.

OpenAPC data: Applications

As with all data, more insights can be obtained from the OpenAPC collection when combining it with other data sets.

In earlier projects, OpenAPC data has already been combined with...

Andreas will now demonstrate results of a combination between OpenAIRE and OpenAPC data.

Summary

Thanks for you attention!

Find this presentation at https://bit.ly/33PO5Kx